How the World Aluminium Market Works

It might be difficult to accept yet just 150 years back aluminum was thought to be silver from earth and a to a great degree costly sort of metal. Today, aluminum positions number two in the utilization volumes among every one of the metals, outperformed just by steel. In the coming decades the interest for aluminum will keep expanding at relentless rates. Late advancements in the engine business, the fast development of urban communities, new potential employments of aluminum as a substitute to copper in the power business – these and numerous different patterns imply that the winged metal is all around put to reinforce its overwhelming position as a key basic material of the 21st century.

Volume of production bauxite, alumina and aluminium in the world
Volume of production bauxite, alumina and aluminium in the world (mt) – Mining 2014
Alumina Production 2014
Alumina Production 2014
Aluminum Production 2014
Aluminum Production 2014

In 2014 worldwide aluminum generation have come to 54 mln tons. The ex-China aluminum market was in shortage of 1.2 million tons.

As indicated by CRU and International Aluminum Institute in the principal half of 2015 aluminum creation on the planet outside ex-China developed by 2% YoY to 13 million tons. This development was mostly from Asia and the Middle East, with South and North America driving the decrease underway.

Overcapacity in the Chinese aluminum advertise proceeded all through the primary portion of 2015. Subsequently add up to aluminum stocks in China in the principal half of 2015 achieved 2.65 million tons. From January to May 2015, Chinese introduced aluminum limit ascended by 1.0 million tons for each year to 36.545 million tons.

The primary change to the supply condition came about because of the fare of aluminum semis from China. Net fares of semis rose by 47% YoY in the primary half 2015. Because of a regular lull in the residential market, aluminum item makers needed to send out, even at a misfortune, so as to create income.

Accordingly of both rising Chinese semi fares and development of ex-China aluminum creation, RUSAL gauges that the worldwide aluminum advertise faces a minor excess of 277,000 tons in FY15.

World’s largest aluminium producers
World’s largest aluminium producers 2014

In 2014 four biggest aluminum makers on the planet have decreased the generation of the metal. Then whatever remains of the TOP-10 organizations have expanded yield by 300-400 thousand tons. Norwegian maker Hydro had the speediest generation development – from 1.25 to 1.96 million tons.

Aluminium production and consumption in the world
Aluminium production and consumption in the world

Worldwide aluminum request in 2014 rose by 7%, for the most part thus of more grounded request in North America and China in the final quarter of 2014. In the meantime, request in developing markets including Russia, Latin America and India demonstrated lower utilization in the final quarter of 2014 and therefore missed desires for the whole 2014 gauge.

In the main portion of 2015, worldwide aluminum request ascended by 6.3% to 28.6 million tons subsequently of more grounded request in North America and the EU. Inside the BRIC economies, the development of Indian request has been a key giver to development.

Interest for aluminum in North America enhanced by 5.6% in examination with 2014. Insights from the Aluminum Association show that the year-to-date new factory orders list expanded by 5.8% in the main portion of this current year, while shipments of aluminum expelled items by U.S. what’s more, Canadian makers expanded by 9.0%. Aluminum request in Europe developed by 2.3% year-on-year.

Turkey, Italy, France and Germany speak to the key development markets, separately expanding utilization by 6.1%, 2.6%, 2.4% and 1.1%.

Barring China, essential aluminum utilization in Asia expanded by 1.3% in 1H 2015 contrasted with a similar period in 2014.

On the negative side, Japan’s mechanical yield diminished in May by 4% YoY as a stoppage in the creation of transport hardware and autos debilitated the recuperation. Mechanical generation in the Republic of Korea diminished by 2.8% YoY and 1.3% month-on-month in May. Car generation in South Korea fell by 3.3% YoY in January-May 2015. Thus, South Korea’s essential aluminum utilization development eased back to 2.4% in 1H 2015. China’s essential aluminum evident utilization was 14.6 million tons in 1H 2015, up by 10.4% YoY. Chinese GDP development on a yearly premise was superior to anything expected, achieving 7%.

Worldwide aluminum request development in 2015 is required to be 6% achieving 58 million tons.

Aluminium consumption by industry (kt)
Aluminium consumption by industry (kt)

Interest for aluminum frame the carmakers is relied upon to develop by 7% in 2015 as auto deals joined with the aluminum content in autos rising altogether. Automakers expended a record measure of aluminum a year ago as diving costs and mechanical leaps forward made it a suitable other option to steel.

Worldly dive in oil cost will make extra interest for autos as per the US showcase measurements, in January 2015 deals expanded by almost 14% and over portion of offers included extravagant pickups and game utility vehicles.

Purchase Misunderstanding of Aluminum Profile

Aluminum profile is made of the aluminum stick that forms different shapes of aluminum materials through different degrees of hot melt, extrusion. Aluminum profiles are widely used, usually in construction, home improvement, industry, etc. So, how much aluminum profile is? Do not worry. As below, I will introduce you aluminum prices and some knowledge about aluminum.

Characteristics of aluminum profile

  1. Corrosion resistance

Aluminum density is only 2.7g/cm3, which is 1/3 of the density of steel, copper or brass (7.83g/cm3, 8.93g/cm3). Aluminum can show excellent corrosion resistance in most environmental conditions, including in air, water (or brine), petro chemistry and many other chemical systems.

  1. Electrical conductivity

Aluminum profiles are often used because of their excellent electrical conductivity. On the basis of equal weight, the conductivity of aluminum is nearly two times of that of copper.

  1. Thermal conductivity

The thermal conductivity of Aluminum Alloy is about 50-60% of copper, which is favorable to the manufacture of heat exchanger, evaporator, heating appliances, cooking utensils, and the cylinder head and radiator of car.

  1. Non-ferromagnetism

Aluminum is non-ferromagnetic, which is a significant feature for the electrical and electronic industries. Aluminum profiles are not self-inflammable, which is important for applications involving handling or exposure to flammable and explosive materials.

  1. Machinable property

Machinable property of aluminum profiles is excellent. Machinable property change considerably in various wrought aluminum alloys and cast aluminum alloys, as well as in the various conditions after the output of these alloys, , which requires special machine tools or technology.

  1. Formability

The allowable deformation is dominated by specific tensile strength, yield strength, ductility and the corresponding work hardening rate.

  1. Recycling

Aluminum has high level of recovery. In addition, the characteristics of recycled aluminum are hardly different from primary aluminum.

Specification about Aluminum profile

Specifications about Aluminum alloy doors and windows profile are: 35-series, 38-series of, 40-series, 60-series, 70-serie, etc. The so-called 35, 38…… , refers to width of the aluminum alloy profile main frame is 35 mm, 38 mm……. Balcony closure usually uses 70-series or 90-series, and if less than 70, the strength is hard to guarantee.

Aluminum prices

Aluminum production process mainly three processes including casting, extrusion and coloring (coloring mainly includes: oxidation, electrophoresis coating, fluorine carbon coating, wood grain transfer etc.) the color in general are silver white, black, bronze, gold, etc. Aluminum prices are different from one to another. Generally speaking, they are mainly affected by some main factors, such as types, use, brands. Generally, Aluminum prices are tens of thousands, and the price range is 14000 – 50000 Yuan per ton.

Note: this price is for reference only! Because different regions, of course, prices will vary. For more information about the price, please be subject to the local dealer!

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Aluminum Profile for Ghana Market, Ghana Aluminum Profile Supplier, Manufacturer and Exporter

Ghana aluminum profile supplier, manufacturer and exporter from Foshan, Guangdong, China

Aluminum profiles for Ghana, aluminum window and door profiles for Ghana, aluminum extrusion profiles for Ghana, Ghana aluminum window and door, Ghana aluminum profiles, Ghana aluminum extrusion, Ghana aluminum alloy, Ghana aluminum extrusion profiles, aluminum profiles export to Ghana

Flat frame, round frame, wall frame, curved wall frame, indoor wall frame, triple frame, round leaf, flat leaf,  flat leaf double glazing , sliding transom, interlock adaptor, wall cover, 4 leaf adaptor

L outer, swing lock stile, outer wall cover, small T silver, Big T, bottom swing, bottom division, Big Z, Z outer big, small Z, flat beading, double glazing bead, brush adaptor, double hinged adaptor, reversing profile

Ghana aluminum extrusion profiles products Include:

1. Aluminium Curtain Wall Profiles: Semi Visible Curtain Wall, Visible Curtain Wall, Invisible Curtain Wall, Curtain Wall with Insulating Glass.

2. Aluminium Window Profile: Casement Window, Sliding Window, Shutter Window.

3. Aluminium Door Profile: Casement Door, Spring Door, Sliding Door, Show Door, Guard Again Theft Door, Roll Door.

4. Others: Aluminium Balustrade, Aluminium Window Screen, Aluminium Photo frame, Aluminium Pipe & Tube, Aluminium Shower Room, aluminum shop front, aluminum wardrobe profile, aluminum office partition, aluminum clothes drying rack, aluminum mop handle

we can also produce aluminium extrusion profile according to customers drawings and samples with different kind of surface treatments.


Aluminum door and aluminum window prototype can be made according to the customers’ request.

A View Of Non Ferrous Metals Index Aluminium Extrusion Price Trend

The non-ferrous metals industry’s monthly prosperity index report was released in Octorber,2016, which was made up by the China nonferrous metals industry association, China academy of economic trends of the Economic Daily and China economic monitoring center of the National Bureau of statistics. The report showed that the prosperity index of non-ferrous metals industry was 27.6. Compared with last month, it increased by 2.2, rising to the upper edge of a “rather cold” area. The growth has expanded month by month since the third quarter, and the whole industry presents a positive trend.

At the same time, the ex-factory price has risen firstly since 2012. Because of this, the total profit of non-ferrous metals industry increase dramatically, and the profit rate gets a great improvement compared to the same period of last year. Meanwhile, there is a remarkable achievement in terms of scientific and technological innovation, transformation and upgrading and the green development. However, in addition to the influence of the rebound in price, sales status has not been improved obviously; the weakness in demand and the pressure of excess capacity are still high.

The overall recovery of the industry

In October, 2016, China Economy non-ferrous metals industry prosperity index increases 2.2 to 27.6 compared with last month, and the leading synthetic index is 82.5, rising by 1.9 compared with last month. “Since this year, both the leading synthetic index and the prosperity index are growing up, especially the prosperity index has soared in “cold area” and the industry presents a positive trend. “ The vice secretary-general of China non-ferrous industry Wang Huajun analyses it. And he estimates that the non-ferrous metals industry will show a stable recovery tendency in a short term.

According to the global economic environment, the global economy will remain a moderate growth in the fourth quarter in 2016; American economy has developed rapidly; European economy maintains the slow growth. Although it is still in the weak range in general, the recovery of emerging economies tends to pick up. In terms of domestic economy, the national economy runs smoothly, which is better than expectation. Commodity prices continue to rise and the supply and demand of the domestic market present positive changes. Moreover, RMB devaluation becomes the impetus for the export growth of the non-ferrous metals industry and also stimulates the export activities. The non-ferrous metals’ allied industries recover distinctly and the supply-demand relationship improved significantly. ( A Chinese aluminum profiles supplier, Shenghai Aluminum Co., Ltd translated)

What’s Impact on Chinese Aluminum Producers from New Environmental Drive?

The second round of 7 environmental protection inspection teams arrived in seven regions from November 24 to 30 to supervise environmental protection work, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Hubei, Chongqing, Shaanxi and Gansu.
What’s impact on producers in the aluminum industry from the inspections?

Aluminum and alumina producers

Chinese government has taken a tough stance in environmental protection inspections since the beginning of 2016. Domestic aluminum and alumina producers are mostly large-size producers equipped with environmental protection facilities, and so they have suffered little impact from the inspections, except one aluminum producer in central China. The producer was requested to shut down its captive power plant and to source electricity from power plant directly in the previous round of inspections.

SMM survey finds that one alumina producer in Chongqing has been requested to cut alumina capacity by 350,000 tonnes for environmental upgrading after excessive discharge of pollutants. The producer is now running at 350,000-tonne alumina capacities, with output all for its aluminum production use. So far, it is unknown for offline capacities to go back to normal.

Aluminum processing producers 

Domestic aluminum processing producers are suffering a big impact from environmental protection inspections, SMM survey finds. The stricter inspections led to closures of aluminum billet producers in Inn Mongolia’s Huolinhe, switching from coal to natural gas at copper plate/strip, sheet and foil producers in Gongyi, and production halts at small and medium coal-fired aluminum extrusion producers in Hebei.

In recent days, aluminum processing producers have been hit by the inspections in Foshan, Guangdong. This is not the first inspections on local producers in the region, and the local government has started inspections on aluminum extrusion producers since 2014. In accordance with Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan on Aluminum Extrusion Producers in Foshan in 2014, the local government closed 37 producers in Nanhai District, and completed rectification work on 94 producers.

Since 2016, environmental protection inspection teams sent by China’s central government arrived in the region, and the local government stepped up efforts to push for the inspections. Foshan’s government this April introduced the Plan for Promoting Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action on Aluminum Extrusion Producers in 2016-2017. According to the plan, a new round of inspections would be carried on all 157 aluminum extrusion producers in the region, and all producers would be requested to complete clean energy upgrading before late June 2017, or they would be shut down. Currently, 51 producers in Nanhai have completed the upgrading, and another 75 producers will finish the overhaul by late October.

Some small and medium-size producers have closed their smelting furnaces for severe energy pollutions, shifting raw material from aluminum ingot to aluminum billet. Processing fees for aluminum billet, which has already been tight, skyrocketed in the region after the shift, and trading for aluminum ingot was sluggish as a result, reversing the gap between Guangdong and Shanghai.

SMM believes that the impact from environmental protection inspections will be a typical regional one, and will be limited on the overall industrial chain. Hence, the impact on price will be small in all price influential factors. Attention should be paid more to whether or not producers violating the rules will upgrade their units to meet requirements, so as to give more consideration to environment and future generations than costs and profits.

Chinese output hikes could cap aluminum’s further climb

TOKYO — Aluminum’s worldwide rally could be near its end as China boosts exports of the metal not needed at home amid the nation’s massive production capacity.

Charting the rise

Three-month aluminum futures on the London Metal Exchange traded around $1,760 per ton Monday night, Japan time — about 10% higher than during a recent low Oct. 20.

An upswing in the Chinese futures market led this increase. Prices for steel materials such as iron ore and coal have been climbing for some time in China. Speculators are now racing to close short positions in aluminum as well, anticipating greater Chinese infrastructure investment and construction demand.

“Funds are flowing into nonferrous metals from the overheating real estate market,” among other sectors, said Shinya Ikezaki, chief trader at Japanese trading house Mitsui & Co.’s LME department.

Hopes also are high for aluminum demand in the U.S., as President-elect Donald Trump has promised massive infrastructure investment. In addition, American automakers have been developing pickup trucks using lightweight aluminum alloys since last year to help meet tougher fuel-efficiency standards.

‘Crumbling’ relationship

But a closer look at China, the world’s leading aluminum producer and consumer, shows dimmer prospects for the market overall. The strength of the nonferrous metals market and the country’s rapidly growing gross domestic product have been tightly correlated over the past 20 years. However, this relationship “is crumbling,” said Takayuki Homma of Sumitomo Corp. Global Research.

This change could be linked to an overexpansion in production capacity as well as a surge in real production, particularly in aluminum. Sources such as the Japan Aluminium Association estimate global output of the metal exceeds 50 million tons annually. China accounted for 30.8 million tons of output in 2015. Yet aluminum production capacity in that country is thought to have crossed 40 million tons in the past five years, according to an official handling bullion at trading house Marubeni.

The global market is paying the price for this capacity boom. China produces more aluminum than can be consumed domestically, and the country exports to destinations such as the U.S., Europe and Southeast Asia in the form of aluminum products to avoid import tariffs. In 2015, China sent a record 4.76 million tons of aluminum overseas, including bullion, alloys and more processed products. Exports totaled 3.82 million tons in the first 10 months of 2016, and recent weakness in the yuan could fuel further shipments.

China’s aluminum refineries now operate at roughly 75% capacity on average. Output likely will climb with prices. Even if China’s economic recovery stokes domestic demand and speculators’ forays into the futures market continue, it is difficult to imagine that the London Metal Exchange three-month price of the metal will cross into the $1,900 level in the near future, market sources say.

China’s Oct 21-30 aluminum price rises 6% from Oct 10-20

China’s domestic primary aluminum price averaged Yuan 14,232.10/mt ($2,105/mt) over October 21-30, up 6.3% from October 11-20, the National Bureau of Statistics said in a report Friday.

NBS conducts a survey on domestic prices, covering nine categories of essential feedstocks, three times a month.

Aluminum falls under the category of nonferrous metals. This category also includes the prices of copper, lead and zinc ingot.

The average price of copper was Yuan 38,025.90/mt over October 21-30, up 0.9% from the previous period; lead was up 3.1% at Yuan 16,017.10/mt and zinc down 3.9% at Yuan 18,844.90/mt.

What does ‘mill finish’ of aluminum mean?

“Mill Finish” is the natural appearance of the aluminum as it comes from the rolling mill or the extrusion mill. It is “as is” with no external mechanical or chemical finishing. Extruded metal is considered “mill finish”. All aluminum has an oxide of some varying thickness. Anodizing is a very heavy controlled oxide. Anodizing is an electrolytically formed and controlled heavy oxide 0.0003 inches thick on up the 0.002 and on up. Mill Finish is a very lightly oxidized film and will wipe off with your bare finger and immediately form. Rolled sheet would probably have a thinner oxide than hot extruded aluminum. If you want to bond silicone adhesive then you want a phosphate etch, or a light chromate or a thin (.0004 anodize in either chromic, sulfuric, or phosphoric.) If you anodize, do not seal the coating and be sure your anodizer knows you do not want it sealed.

Things You Should Know About Chinese New Year

year-of-the-monkey-2016The 2016 Chinese Lunar New Year will be on Feb. 8 and it is the year of the Monkey. Think Christmas but the date varies based on the lunar calendar, however, it normally falls between mid-Jan to end of Feb.

As important as the Chinese New Year is for those celebrating across Asia and around the world, it should also be significantly important for importers and those working with Chinese manufacturers. The Chinese New Year basically shuts down all production facilities throughout the country and it’s usually much more than a 3-day weekend.

Experienced importers are usually well aware of this time and the delay they can expect for shipments coming out of China around this time. The time is especially crucial for those that have businesses selling seasonal merchandise such as apparel and sporting goods. Failing to implement proper precautions during the Chinese New Year can result in heavy losses for businesses. And the variable date is one of the factors that can usually lead to confusion and planning complexities.

So what do you need to know as we approach the year of the Monkey?

  1. Usually all production and sample development is halted a week to 2 weeks prior to Chinese New Years Eve.
    It’s hard to put it in perspective if you haven’t been in China during this time. Majority of factory workers are going back and forth to their hometowns, combined with families traveling around China to visit relatives.
  2. Production is usually suspended for at least 2 weeks after the Chinese New Year
    While the holiday itself lasts roughly 5 days, most people seize the opportunity and extend the holiday by an extra week or two. So you may not be able to reach someone for 2 weeks or more about your order during this time.
  3. Getting back to normal is sometimes a struggle
    Think about that first Monday after your 2-week long vacation. Well it’s similar in a way and many manufacturers do struggle to get back into normal mode, but they eventually do.

So to recap, the Chinese New Year can turn into a 2-3 week shutdown for most factories and it’s a time of the year where majority of the people in the country are traveling. As a good rule of thumb, importers should do their research on the holiday and proactively schedule their orders and deliveries well before everyone gets in vacation mode.

Also keep in mind that leading up to the Chinese New Year, your supplier is probably rushing to fulfill orders for most of their buyers and get them shipped before they post the ‘We’ll Be Back’ sign on their doors. It is on you as a buyer to ensure that proper quality control standards are met during this time by making sure you hire a local inspector to perform a pre or post manufacturing inspection.